The term guardian (brace) probably gets its name from the Italian language, where the word tutore means protector and refers to the support aid for correction and support of skeletal disorders.

The history of braces for correction of spine conditions essentially begins with Hippocrates, who first described these conditions with the terms that we still use to date, and then through the theories of Paulus of Aegina; up to the middle ages, wooden casts were used to correct scoliosis.

At the time of the Middle Ages, the efforts of the doctors at the time seem like tortures. Attempts to correct scoliosis with horror tools and no results.

With the use of metal splints resembling armor, Ambroise Paré (1510 – 1590 AD) stepped on the Hippocratic theories on scoliosis and marked the beginning of substantial consideration towards conservative treatment of scoliosis.



Guillaume Levacher (1738-1806 AD) actively used corrective braces.

To the end of the 19th century, Abott (1911 AD) suggested a plaster splint after traction.

In the middle of the 20th century, Blount and Schmidt (1945 AD) created the Milwaukee brace



and Stagnara (1949 AD) developed it.

Orthopedic physicians’ efforts to treat scoliosis continued till the 1970s, where a thermoplastic brace was made for the first time after taking a mold, and the so-called “underarm” Boston braces.

5 years later came the development of the theory of three-dimensional correction of scoliosis by Jacques Cheneau, with the creation of the homonymous brace.

30 years later, in 2005 in Barcelona, Emanuel Rigo creates the latest important brace, the Rigo – Cheneau brace.

Finally, in 2009 SPONDYLOS modified the Rigo-Cheneau brace, creating SPONDYLOS Rigo-Cheneau brace, making improvements and inaugurating its use in other diseases.